Upcoming research seminars
Legal Issues Regarding the Use of Project Financing by the Multinational Corporations in Emerging Markets
Is Relative Poverty Triggering Migration over and above Absolute Poverty: Evidence from Tajikistan
Does Capital Structure of Firms Influence their Innovation Strategies? Evidences from the European Agri-Food Sector
Research Seminars at WIUT are open to public
In order to visit or participate, please contact Nizomiddin Kuchkarov: firstname.lastname@example.org
(+998 71) 2387415
Past Research Seminars
Academic year 2016-17
The Impact of Migration and Remittances on Labor Force Participation: Case of Uzbekistan
The growing number of women in the global labor force has been an important trend for the past fifty years. Existing literature offers a number explanations, such as substantial reduction in the number of male population after the World War II, technological development, decline in fertility rates and social organizations which provide support and encourage female employment. This research aims to investigate the relationship between children and female labor force participation using the Demographic and Health Survey data for Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. We find that the presence of children positively affects the female labor force participation.
The Determinants of Climate Change Policies: Is Intelligence Important?
This study investigates the interconnection between national intelligence and climate change policies. The national intelligence is measured by nation’s IQ scores. The conjectured link between cognitive abilities and climate change policies is tested on a sample of 94 countries. As a measure of climate change policies, this study employs Climate Laws, Institutions and Measures Index (CLIMI) the first fundamental effort to measure countries’ policy responses to the risk of climate change. The findings demonstrate compelling evidence that intelligence has positive and causal impact on national and multilateral policies directed on climate change.
Breastfeeding and Son Preference: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
by Hilola Dushamova
This paper is devoted to analyzing the child gender discrimination based on the duration of breastfeeding of male and female infants in Kyrgyzstan for the last three decades. Breastfeeding is the way of providing infants with ideal food for their biological development and healthy growth. It also has the property to delay reproductive process, which is an important implication for health of mothers. The countries which possess son preference tend to wean child as soon as possible in order conceive again if current child is female. This paper uses 1997 and 2012 waves of Demographic Health Survey (DHS) dataset for Kyrgyzstan. The results claim the increase in breastfeeding duration is strongly linked with the birth order. On average, mothers breastfeed their current child about 0.2 months more than his older siblings in Kyrgyzstan. Also, not only boys are breastfeed for longer period but also girls if mother has at least one son and male children share is high in household.
by Dr Peter Paul Catterall
On 23 June 2016 a referendum in Britain saw a narrow majority in favour of leaving the European Union. The British thus embarked on a major shift in both their domestic economic, social and legal arrangements, and in their place in the world and their trading relations with it, seemingly without either much thought, a clear road map or an agreed sense of direction. This dramatic development raises a number of questions. Why was the vote held, and why that outcome? What have been the consequences in Britain, and what are the aspirations of Theresa May’s government as they try to decide what ‘Brexit means Brexit’ actually means in practice?
Corporate Governance And Performance: Meta-analysis
Corporate governance has become a central issue and a main subject of intense academic and policy debates. Plenty number of studies have investigated the effect of various corporate governance characteristics on performance of financial institutions. However, these empirical studies offer a mixed results, since their evidence is mostly restricted to specific country or group of counties. Thus, to reconcile the inconsistent findings of prior research and generalize research findings and limitations on corporate governance, this study will apply meta-analysis technique. We apply meta-analysis to a sample of 35 empirical studies to identify potential moderators to the relationship between several corporate governance characteristics. We find that, board size and percentage of non-executive members have a significant positive effect on financial firm’s performance, while CEO shares and board independence have a significant negative impact. Additionally, geographic location and study years moderate the association bet-ween board size, board independence, CEO shares, and percentage of non-executive members. Furthermore, the association between board independence, CEO shares and financial firm’s performance is mo-derated by measurement of performance proxy.
Heart Attack Disease and Life Satisfaction
In this study, we explore the effect of chronic heart disease on life satisfaction in Russia. A simple bivariate correlation analysis suggests that having a chronic heart disease is negatively associated with life satisfaction. As expected heart illness is negative and has statistically significant effect on life satisfaction. The corresponding coefficients for control variables establish the following notable points:
-In line with extant literature on the antecedents of life satisfaction (Blanchflower& Oswald, 2008), has U-shaped association with subjective wellbeing. Our results suggest that in Russia life satisfaction reaches a minimum at 57 years of age.
-Religiosity enhances life satisfaction. In Russia, where majority of population observe Christianity, religion may provide social integration within group and have positive effect on society. Computed marginal effects suggest that being religious person increases life satisfaction by nearly 10%.
-Other things being fixed, education has positive effect on life satisfaction. The coefficient for having university degree is positive and significant.
Too Hot to Handle: How Weather Affects Crime and Income Across Countries
by Botir Okhunjanov
Individuals for decades have been interested in the relationship between weather and crime. Today, statistics show that developing countries tend to have higher crime rates. As global warming leads to rising temperatures worldwide, crime rates, if affected by weather, may be on the rise. Significant resources are often dedicated to controlling or eradicating crime, take the current drug enforcement methods in the Philippines by President Rodrigo Duterte. Is it really the case that weather can change an individual's behavior so much as to lead to increases in crime rates? Previous literature has focused on the effect of weather on crime, however few have attempted to address the fact that income plays a large role in determining crime rates and are unable to disentangle how both weather and income affect crime rates. In this study, we evaluate the effect of weather on crime rates by addressing the simultaneous behavior between weather, crime rates, and income using a Vector Autoregression. We use variations in weather across multiple countries over time.
Impact of Health on Labor Force Participation in Russia (2011-2014)
For the last couple of decades, the study of health-labor supply nexus has been at the forefront of health and labor economics research. While the empirical evidence for developed economies is well documented, but remains rather thin for developing and emerging economies. By applying full information maximum likelihood method to 2011-2014 rounds of Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey, we find a negative impact of women’s health on their labor supply who are between 24 and 45 years old, whereas for women aged over 45 there is a positive effect of health on participation in the labor force. However, the study shows mixed results for men.
International Universities in China and Uzbekistan: Quest for Legitimacy
by Alan France
TransNational Education (TNE) or Cross-border Higher Education has become a salient phenomenon in the internationalization of higher education worldwide. The development and rise of International Universities (IUs) are a significant mode of TNE provisions cross-border. The objective of this paper is to understand the legitimacy of such IUs in the context of China and Uzbekistan. Countries that have had or have a strong centrally planned and controlled higher education sector and one that is facing strong global competition and internal stress factors in coping with the transitional changes to a global labour market. The paper addresses two questions: What are the important legitimacy factors for international universities (IUs) in China and Uzbekistan? What strategies do international universities use to gain legitimacy (social acceptance and support) from different stakeholders in these two countries?
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Uzbekistan: Challenges and Opportunities
This research is aimed at broadening the current Corporate Social responsibility (CSR) literature, concentrating on the still underdeveloped area – CSR in Central Asia. Only few research is done on how CSR principles are implemented the countries in Central Asia and particularly in Uzbekistan. Thus this research tries to fill the existing gap and contributes insights about CSR in Uzbekistan and how businesses comprehend the notion of CSR in this country. The results of this research showed that there is a clear difference between how CSR is understood in West and in Uzbekistan. CSR in Uzbekistan is essentially understood as charity, caring about employees and their family members. As a social package for employees companies provide healthcare, additional rewards, education, trainings and free lunches. Companies also provide help to orphanages, elderly care homes and families in need within their community. They are also involved in building and repairing roads as a result of the incentivization from authorities. This study revealed that economic needs are considered as the most important aspect for businesses. Environmental concerns, taking into account the stakeholders’ interests and public accountability are not prominent currently in businesses in Uzbekistan.
Towards a Knowledge Economy: Are Conventional Economic Theories Valid?
The presentation aims to examine the transition from traditional to the knowledge based economy and to give an answer to the question: how the conventional economic theories are valid in the knowledge economy? Continue the debate on: Is economics science dying? Because many assumptions of economics (people are rational, other factors held constant, small open economy, etc.) do not hold today. I will describe the major features of the knowledge economy; bring some data on the world experience about it.
Biogas Development from Agricultural Wastes in the Aral Sea Basin
To what extend developing countries can benefit from leapfrog technologies and technology transfers in the renewable energy sphere? This presentation highlights the process and current findings of an ongoing research project entitled “Biogas development from agricultural wastes in the Aral Sea Basin”. Project is funded by the Swiss Government’s Renewable Energy Promotion in International cooperation (REPIC) fund.
Are More Collectivist Cultures More Equal? Evidence from the Parasite Stress Theory of Values
It is widely believed that individualistic societies, which emphasize personal freedom, award social status for accomplishment, and favor minimal government intervention, are more prone to higher levels of income inequality compared to more collectivist societies, which value conformity, loyalty, and tradition and favor interventionist policies. The results in this paper, however, challenge this conventional view. Drawing on a rich literature in biology and behavioral psychology, we test the provocative Parasite Stress Theory of Values, which suggests a possible link between the historical prevalence of infectious diseases, the cultural dimension of individualism-collectivism and the distribution of income across countries today. Specifically, in a two-stage least squares analysis, we use the historical prevalence of infectious diseases as an instrument for individualistic values, which, in the next stage, predict the level of income inequality, measured by the net GINI coefficient from the Standardized World Income Inequality Database (SWIID). Our findings suggest that societies with more individualistic values have significantly lower net income inequality. The results are robust even after controlling for a number of confounding factors such as economic development, legal origins,religion, human capital, and geographical controls as well as a number of alternative estimations.
Attitude Towards Female Career Growth: The Hidden Impact of Parents-in-Law Influence on Female’s Career Advancement in Patriarchal Culture, Evidence from Uzbekistan
by Bekhzod Egamberdiev and Yulduz Yakubova
The conflicting nature of balancing between family and career development for females have been an issue recognized in various studies. Limited evidence however is investigated for testing the significance of the factors within Eastern cultural context, in particular Central Asia. The given paper reports uncovering of additional factor, namely Parents in-Law Influence upon the female’s decision to purse career growth in the context of patriarchal culture of Uzbekistan. The factor was measured and is suggested as an addition to the existing framework of CFAM to be used in the context of patriarchal cultures where co-residence with the parents-in-law is an accepted lifestyle for married couples. The results showed that parents'-in-law approval of daughter in laws career plans have significant impact upon the female’s decision to pursing career growth. The results have also indicated that attitude toward parents-in-law approval of the daughter-in-laws career plans play a significant role in male’s decision about his spouse’s career growth perspectives. It is imperative that this in turn imprints an impact in female’s career growth decision. This is emphasized by the fact that females indicated spousal support as the major factor impacting their decision to pursue career growth in the prospective future.
Inequality and Institutions During Transition: Spatial Spillovers
by Zohid Askarov
The extensive literature on the effect of inequality on development presents contradicting views. This paper contributes to the literature by empirically studying the impact of inequality on institutions in 32 transition economies for the 1990 to 2012 period. We find that inequality, on average, has had a positive association with institutional quality for this specific group of countries. However, the relationship was non-linear. Spatial lag in inequality, on average, does not generate spillover effects, but it has had a positive impact on individual components of institutions. We also find that improvements in neighbour’s governance spillover and encourage improved governance in other countries.
Deposit Insurance as a Factor in Bank Risk-Taking: the Financial Crisis of 2007-2010
The study explores the link between deposit insurance and bank risk-taking by looking at the benefits and costs of implementing a deposit insurance scheme (DIS), specifically how they may influence the risk-taking behavior of commercial banks and the stability of the banking system as a whole. It approaches the issue by evaluating theoretical and empirical secondary research on the subject and finds that most of the research on DIS is theoretical, mostly due to difficulties of obtaining relevant data at both bank and country levels. The emerging body of empirical research offers at times contradictory evidence on DIS effectiveness. Concerning the financial crisis of 2007-2010, there seems to be no credible answer that is widely acceptable on whether the US DIS contributed to the crisis.
Collective Decision Making in Times of Catastrophic Events
by Zafar Kurbanov
We implement a pilot laboratory experiment with human subjects to examine how individuals cooperate when they face uncertainty both in necessary investments (thresholds) and the length of investment period. Specifically, we test if individuals cooperate by investing in a group account given they do not know when the damage occurs. The results suggest that individuals tend to react to uncertainty in timing of damage by increasing investments. The additional information about the results of similar threshold public goods experiment as a feedback, and communication seem to help to enhance cooperation leading to higher collective investment.
Academic year 2015-16
Impact of Health on Labor Force Participation in Russia
by Gayrat Suyunov & Oybek Yuldashev
Experimental Analysis Among WIUT Students. The Effect of Personality Traits on Academic Performance and Cooperation
by Shakhlo Rashidova & Rauf Salokhodjaev
The New Keynesian Philipps Curve and the Perceived Inflation
by Begzod Makhmudov & Dmitriy Kha
Can Robots be Prosecuted?
by Dr. Paresh Kathrani
The Importance of Country-of-Origin Information and Perceived Product Quality in Uzbekistan
by Begzod Nishanov & Farhod Karimov
Higher Education Institutions’ Attractiveness: Early Warning Based on Social Media Indicators
by Olga Yugai, Dilnoza Muslimova, Vasiliy Kuznetsov
Development of Software Solution to Speed the Planning Process of Neurosurgical Operations
by Nilufar Makhmudova & Olga Yugai
Effect of Competitive Environment on Students' Academic Performance
by Mikhail Shpirko & Dmitriy Pochitaev
Copyrights Aspects of Regulation of Derivative Works in Electronic Media Platforms
by Akbar Ismanjanov
Risks in Transnational Education: in Case of Uzbekistan
by Magrupova Shokhista & Alan France
Social Benefit Against Emotional Benefit in b=Brand Positioning
by Zamira Ataniyazova
Determinants of Corporate Social Responsibility in Transition Countries
by Khurshid Djalilov, Jens Hölscher
The Impact of Study Skills Course on Academic Performance of WIUT Students
by Natalya Muzaffarova
Gender and Job Satisfaction and: The Case of Westminster International University in Tashkent
by Olesya Smagina
Big Data Investment and the Market Value of the Firm
by Alina Khakimova
Self-employment: Springboard for New Businesses or Disguised Unemployment? Evidence from Russia and Central Asia
by Umid Aliev
Beyond survival: A study of Factors Influencing Psychological Resilience Among Cambodian Child Survivors
by Urakorn Fuderich
Carving a life’: Exploring the Livelihood Trajectories of Makonde Woodcarvers in Northern Mozambique
by Vincent Rich
Can Intelligence Explain the Process of Deforestation in Weak Democracies?
by Rauf Salakhodjaev
Impact of Food Recipe Composition and Complexity on Online Food Recipe Ranking
by Avaz Khalikov
Academic year 2014-15
The Allocation Puzzle is Alive and Well
by Behzod Alimov
Application of Blended Learning in Higher Education: Case of Organizational Behavior module at WIUT
by Mukhammadfoik Bakhadirov and Anna Sevostyanova
Governance in Transition Countries. The politics of Plov, the Case of Uzbek National Dish
by Alan France
Comparative Assessment of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure practices in Islamic and Conventional Banks
by Gulomjon Kosimjonov
International Remittances and Household Expenditures: Empirical Evidence from Uzbekistan
by Dilnoza Muslimova, Angelina Nazarova and Kamiljon Akramov (IFPRI)
Data Protection in Eurasian Countries: Choice of Policy Approaches and Instruments
by Ulugbek Abdullaev Read more
Dynamics in Migrant's Profile. The Case of Central Asian Transition Economies
by Ziyodullo Parpiev
Forced Marriage and Birth Weight: the Consequences of Bride Kidnapping in Kyrgyzstan
by Dr. Bakhrom Mirkasimov
Anticorruption Policies in Asia: Theoretical Approaches and Lessons from Policies in Singapore
by Dr. Aziz Makhmudov
Characteristics of Small and Medium Enterprise Innovativeness: Cases of Uzbekistan and China
by Dr. Ahunjonov Umidjon
Bibliometric Analysis of the Scientific Literature on Land Use Functions in Central Asia
by Ahmad Hamidov
Intelligence and International Trade in Gravity Models
by Raufhon Salohodjaev and Dr. Sardor A’zam
The Determinants of Divorce: The Ego Effect (Empirical Evidence from Russia)
by Salim Turdaliev
What Do We Know About Microfinance at Macro Glance?
by Dr. Nargiza Alimukhamedova and Dr. Jan Hanousek
Education Job Match
by Feruza Abidova and Yulduz Yakubova
Academic year 2013-14